Photographing 3D work, such as sculpture, has a unique set of challenges due to the complexity of managing the work (you can’t tape it to the wall), and lighting.
Behind my work, I have a roll of seamless background paper spooled on a curtain rod. I roll it out across a stool creating an even background. For many years, I just used a black sheet. Make sure that it clean and ironed so that it doesn’t show any texture or folds.
As far as lighting, you will need at least two lights, one on either side of the camera.
If you are photographing figurative or portrait sculpture, there are many resources on how to photograph people, which will apply directly to photographing sculpture of people. I generally light my portraits with three-quarter lighting.
Do you have suggestions on photographing sculpture? Please leave comments below.